Neuropsychomotor functions assessment battery

Prof. Laurence Vaivre-Douret


There are many performance measures for motor skills, but few tools rely on a developmental approach. Based on pioneering work in the field of French neurology, the battery to assesss neuro-psychomotor functions (NP-MOT) provides a neuro-functional developmental approach to evaluation. The NP-MOT battery is a standardized evaluation of neuro-psychomotor functions, exploring from the age of 4 with identical subtests whatever the age, taking qualitative and quantitative components of the gesture into account and with calibrations (means and standard deviations, Z-scores and standardized scores): muscle tone, global locomotion, laterality, praxis, digital and tactile gnosis, oculo-manual dexterity, integration of bodily spatial orientation, rhythm and auditory attention (selective and sustained).

The battery is standardized and validated on a large population, enabling investigations at all ages, while maturation norms saturate before 10 years of age. It enables deficits to be distinguished from delays from 4 years of age compared to a normal process of cerebral maturation, and it allows discreet minor cerebral disorders to be detected, which are often not captured by a global evaluation of performances.

The NP-MOT battery thus contributes to providing important semiological and diagnosticpathological and physiological viewpoint, enabling a more efficient aetiological approach and a more precise therapeutic orientation. The NP-MOT battery is the reference assessment tool in many countries and it has been recommended in France by the French health authorities (Haute Autorité de la Santé – HAS) in the program dedicated to the autism spectrum disorders and the assessment of neuro-developmental disorders.


Note : to practice the examination itself, the manual and the original material must be obtained beforehand from the Editions ECPA-Pearson for the french version :


Nom : Neuropsychomotor functions assessment battery
Domain :
Dev. psy
Duration : 2h
Norms : from 4 years old to adulthood
Material : Computer or digital tablet connected to the internet
Version(s) : NLX EDS
Prices : license requiered - (See prices)
Author(s) : Pr. Laurence Vaivre-Douret

About the authors

Some literature

- Lopez, C., & Vaivre-Douret, L. (2023). Concurrent and predictive validity of a cycloid loops copy task to assess handwriting disorders in children. Children, 10 (305), 1-14.
- Vaivre-Douret, L. (2021). Troubles moteurs sous-jacents au profil hétérogène du WISC-V chez l’enfant à haut potentiel: apports de l’évaluation neuropsychomotrice normée [Motor impairments with a heterogeous profil at the WISC-V in child with high potential]. Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentissages de l'Enfant, 169, 683-692.
- De Amorim N., Parreiral J., Santos S. (2022) The Assessment of the Psychomotor Profile in Children: Preliminary Psychometric Analysis of the Portuguese Version of the Batterie d’Evaluation des Fonctions Neuropsychomotrices de L’enfant (
- Gouveia Buff Passone, C., Giani, E., Vaivre Douret, L., et al. (2022). Sulphonylurea for Improving Neurological Features in Neonatal Diabetes:a systematic review and meta- analysis. Diabete Care, 23(6), 675-692.
- Cuny, M.L., Piolino, P., Paternoster, G., et al. (2022). “Temporo-sylvian arachnoid cysts in children. Part 2: Post-operative neuropsychological and clinical improvement”. Journal of neurosurgery: Pediatrics, 30(2), 150-159.
- Cuny, M.L., Vaivre-Douret, L., Piana, H., et al. (2022). “Temporo-sylvian arachnoid cysts in children. Part 1: cognitive profile of children with a temporal cyst and impact of the cyst in daily life: a prospective study in 100 concecutive children. Journal of neurosurgery: Pediatrics, 30(2), 138-149.
- Hamdioui, S., Robert, M., Rateaux, M., et al. (2022).Neurodevelopmental disorders in child with high intellectual potential: contribution of integrative neuropsychomotor standardized assessment, neuropsychological and eye-tracking in a single-case study. Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders, 6, 84-99.
- Lopez, C., & Vaivre-Douret, L. (2021). Investigations exploratoires des troubles de l’écriture chez des enfants scolarisés du CP au CM2 [Exploratory investigations of handwriting disorders in children at elementary school]. Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentissages de l'Enfant, 170, 77-79.
- Vaivre-Douret, L. (2021). Trouble développemental de la coordination ou dyspraxie [Developmental coordination disorder or dyspraxia]. Encyclopédie Médico Chirurgicale, Traité de Psychiatrie/Pédopsychiatrie, 37-201-E-20,1-12.
- Vaivre-Douret, L., Mazeau, M., Jolly, C., et al. (2021) ). L’expertise collective de l’INSERM sur le Trouble Développemental de la Coordination (TDC) ou dyspraxie : état des principaux travaux et recommandations [INSERM’s collective expertise on Developmental Coordination Disorder or dyspraxia : status of the main studies and recommendations]. Neuropsychiatrie de l’enfance et de l’adolescence, 69(6), 311-330.
- Vaivre-Douret, L., & Lopez, C., (2021). Organisation développementale du geste graphomoteur chez l’enfant scolarisé en primaire : caractéristiques gestuelles et spatio-temporelles/cinématiques [developmental organization of handwritting gesture in child at elementary school : gestual and spatio-temporal/kinetic caracteristics]. Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentissages de l'Enfant, 170, 19-33.
- Hamdioui, S., Cannafarina, A., & Vaivre-Douret, L. (2021). Do children with high intellectual potential have an early motor development and what is the impact on IQ profile? Journal of Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health, 5(1), 52-71.
- Hamdioui, S., & Vaivre-Douret, L. (2020). Clinical markers of dysgraphia according to intellectual quotient in children with Developmental Coordination Disorder. Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, 4(6), 366-382.
- Vaivre-Douret, L., Hamdioui, S., & Cannafarina, A. (2020). The influencer of IQ levels on clinical features of developmental coordination disorder. Journal of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders, 4(4).184-200.
- Beltrand, J., Busiah, K., Vaivre-Douret, L., et al. (2020). Neonatal diabetes mellitus. Frontiers in Pediatrics, section Pediatric Endocrinology, doi : 10.3389/fped.2020.540718.
- Abadie, V., Hamiaux, P., Ragot, S., et al. (2020). Should autism spectrum disorders be considered as part to the phenotype of CHARGE syndrome? A cross-sectional study of 46 patients. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases,15:136. https/ 13023-020-01421-9.
- Demily, C., Duwime, C., Lopez, C.l, et al. (2019). Corpus callosum metrics predict severity of visuo-spatial and neuromotor dysfunction in ARID1B mutations with Coffin-Siris syndrome. Psychiatric Genetics, 29 (6), 237-242.
- Vaivre-Douret, L., & Lalanne, C. (2019). Specific impairments and predictive markers for developmental coordination disorder subtypes in children: The importance of multidimensional developmental assessments in cluster analysis. Journal of Translational Science, 5, 1-13.
- Paquet, A., & Vaivre-Douret, L. (2019). Apport de l’évaluation développementale neuro-psychomotrice dans la compréhension des troubles moteurs et psychomoteurs des enfants avec un Trouble du Spectre de l’Autisme [Contribution of neuro-psychomotor developmental assessment in the understandingof motor and psychomotor disorders in childrenwith spectrum disorder of autism]. Revue Corps et Psychisme, 74,143-157.
- Paquet, A., Olliac, B., Golse, B., & Vaivre-Douret, L. (2019). Evaluation des fonctions neuro-psychomotrices chez des enfants avec un trouble du spectre de l’autisme : entre possibilité et nécessité. [Evaluation of neuro-psychomotor functions in children with autism spectrum disorder. Between faisability and necessity]. Neuropsychiatrie de l’enfance et de l’adolescence. 67(1), 10-18.
- Lopez, C., Hemimou C., Golse, B., & Vaivre-Douret, L. (2018). Developmental dysgraphia is often associated with minor neurological dysfunction in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Clinical Neurophysiology, 48(4), 207-217.
- Vaivre-Douret, L. (2018). Dyspraxie de l’enfant : des bilans exploratoires précis pour un diagnostic libérateur [Child dyspraxia : accurate exploratory assessments for a liberating diagnosis]. La Revue du Praticien, Médecine Générale, 1000, 331-336.
- Paquet, A., Olliac, B., Golse, B., & Vaivre-Douret, L. (2017). Evaluation of neuromuscular tone phenotypes in children with Autism Spectrum disorder : An exploratory study. Clinical Neurophysiology, 47(4), 261-268.
- Paquet, A., Golse, B., Girard, M., Olliac B*., & Vaivre-Douret, L*. (*co last authors) (2017). Laterality and lateralization in autism spectrum disorder, using a standardized neuro-psychomotor assessment. Developmental Neuropsychology, 42(1), 39-54.
- Vaivre-Douret, L., Lalanne, C., & Golse B. (2016). Developmental Coordination Disorder, an umbrella term for motor impairments in children: nature and co-morbid disorders. Frontiers in psychology, cognitive science, 7,1-13. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg 2016.00602.
- Paquet, A., Olliac, B., Bouvard, M. B., Golse, B., & Vaivre-Douret L. (2016). Semiology of motor disorders in Autism Spectrum Disorders highlighted from the standardized neuro-psychomotor assessment. Frontiers in Psychology, 7. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.22016.01292.
- Beltrand, J., Elie, C., Busiah, K., et al. (2015). Sulfonylurea Benefits Neurological and Psychomotor functions in Patients with Neonatal Diabetes Due to potassium Channel Mutations. Diabetes Care, 38(11), 2033-2041.
- Vaivre-Douret, L., Boschi, A., Cuny, M.,L., et al. (2015). Kyste arachnoïdien temporal gauche et troubles spécifiques des apprentissages associés à un Trouble Envahissant du Développement Non Spécifié (TED-NoS): apports d’une approche intégrative neuro-psychomotrice neuropsychologique, psychopathologique et neurochirurgicale à propos d’une observation chez un enfant (le cas François) [Left temporal arachnoid cyst and specific learning disorders associated with Pervasive Developmental Disorders - Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS): contributions of an integrative neuropsychomotor, neuropsychological, psychopathological and neurosurgical approach about a case report in a child (François)], L’Encéphale, 42(6), 582-588.
- Lasserre, E., Vaivre-Douret, L., & Abadie, V. (2013). Psychomotor and cognitive impairments of children with CHARGE syndrome: common and variable features. Child Neuropsychology, 19(5), 449-465.
- Busiah, K., Drunat, S., Vaivre-Douret, et al. (2013). Neuropsychological dysfunction and developmental defects associated with genetic changes in infants with neonatal diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study. Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 1(3), 199-207.
- Lalanne, C., Falissard, B., Golse, B., & Vaivre-Douret, L. (2012). Refining developmental coordination disorder subtyping with multivariate statistical methods. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 12(107), 1-14.
- Vaivre-Douret, L., Lalanne, C., Cabrol, D., et al. (2011). Identification de critères diagnostiques des sous-types de Troubles de l’Acquisition de la Coordination (TAC) ou dyspraxie développementale [Identification of diagnostic criteria of the DCD subtyping or developmental dyspraxia]. Neuropsychiatrie de l’Enfance et de l’Adolescence, 59, 443-453.
- Vaivre-Douret, L. (2007). Troubles des apprentissages non-verbal: la dyspraxie développementale [Non-verbal learning disabilities: developmental dyspraxia]. Archives de Pédiatrie, 14, 1341-1349.
- Vaivre-Douret, L., Lalanne, C., Ingster-Moati, I., Boddaert, N., Cabrol, D., Dufier, J.,L., Golse, B. & Falissard, B. (2011). Subtypes of developmental dyspraxia and developmental coordination disorder (DCD): Research on their nature and etiology. Developmental Neuropsychology, 36(5), 614-643.
- Vaivre-Douret, L. (2006). Un outil normé pour l’évaluation des fonctions neuro-psychomotrices de l’enfant : la battterie NP-MOT [A normalized tool for the evaluation of the child neuro-psychomotor functions: the NP-MOT batttery]. Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentissages de l'Enfant, 88/89, 237- 240.
- Vaivre-Douret, L. (2002). A more robust predictor of ideomotor dyspraxia : study on an alternative scoring method of the Bergès-Lèzine's imitation of gestures test. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17(1), 37-48.
- Vaivre-Douret, L. (1999). Evaluation de la motricité gnoso-praxique distale chez l’enfant. Une adaptation du test d’imitation de gestes de Bergès-Lézine [Evaluation of the distal motor gnosopraxia. An adaptation of Berges and Lezine's Imitation of Gestures test.]. Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentissages de l’Enfant, 51, 13-20.
NLX EDS Neuralix Editions SAS - 2018-2024©